Grow Youthful: How to Slow Your Aging and Enjoy Extraordinary Health
Grow Youthful: How to Slow Your Aging and Enjoy Extraordinary Health

Bladder infection / UTI

What is a bladder infection?

Symptoms

Risk factors

Causes

Treatment

What is a bladder infection?

A bladder infection (urinary tract infection or UTI) is a bacterial infection of any part of the urinary tract. Cystitis is inflammation of the bladder, often caused by a bacterial infection, but also by other causes such as trauma or injury. An infection of the upper urinary tract or kidney is known as pyelonephritis, and is potentially more serious.

A healthy bladder and urine usually contains little or no bacteria, viruses or fungi. A urinary tract infection can occur if bacteria reaches the urethra from the digestive tract via the anus. Women suffer from urinary tract infections more often than men because their urethra is closer to the anus and shorter.

Most woman have a UTI during their lifetime, but some are affected more frequently.

The most common bacteria in a UTI is Escherichia coli. However, many other bacteria can also cause a UTI, including Chlamydia and Mycoplasma, which are sexually transmitted.

A UTI is different to thrush, which is a yeast rather than bacterial infection.

Symptoms

Risk factors

Causes

Treatment