Grow Youthful: How to Slow Your Aging and Enjoy Extraordinary Health
Grow Youthful: How to Slow Your Aging and Enjoy Extraordinary Health

Autism

What is Autism?

Symptoms of Autism

Causes of autism / risk factors for autism

Prevention / remedies / cures / treatment for Autism

References

What is Autism?

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a group of three neural developmental disabilities. The three disorders are: autism, Asperger syndrome, and pervasive developmental disorder.

Autism affects both the brain and body of young children. These children exhibit impaired social interaction; impaired verbal and non-verbal communication; and restricted, repetitive or stereotyped behaviour. The symptoms become apparent before a child is three years old.

How autism affects information processing in the brain by altering how nerve cells and their synapses connect and organize is not well understood.

Autism affects about 0.1-0.2% of all children worldwide. In the USA ten times as many children are affected, at about 2% (up from 1% in 2007). (3,4,5) Boys are diagnosed with ASD about four times more than girls. (8)

Symptoms of Autism

Symptoms are highly variable with each individual child. Parents usually notice the first signs at around six months, and usually before the age of two. The signs usually develop gradually, but some autistic children first develop more normally and then regress. Symptoms may continue through to adulthood, but usually in a more muted form.

Causes of autism / risk factors for autism

Prevention / remedies / cures / treatment for Autism

References

1. John Cannell. Vitamin D Council.

2. William B. Grant. Sunlight, Nutrition, and Health Research Center (SUNARC), PO Box 641603, San Francisco, CA, 94164-1603 USA.

3. Rutter M. Incidence of autism spectrum disorders: changes over time and their meaning. Acta Paediatr. 2005;94(1):2-15. doi:10.1111. PMID 15858952.

4. Prevalence of autism spectrum disorders - autism and developmental disabilities monitoring network, 14 sites, United States, 2008. MMWR Surveill Summ. 2012;61(3):1-19. PMID 22456193.

5. Stephen J. Blumberg, et al. Changes in Prevalence of Parent-reported Autism Spectrum Disorder in School-aged U.S. Children: 2007 to 2011-2012. National Health Statistics Reports. March 2013;(65).

6. Geschwind DH. Advances in autism. Annu Rev Med. 2009;60:367-80. doi:10.1146/annurev.med.60.053107.121225. PMID 19630577.

7. Fournier KA, Hass CJ, Naik SK, Lodha N, Cauraugh JH. Motor coordination in autism spectrum disorders: a synthesis and meta-analysis. J Autism Dev Disord. 2010. doi:10.1007/s10803-010-0981-3. PMID 20195737.

8. Newschaffer CJ, Croen LA, Daniels J et al. The epidemiology of autism spectrum disorders. Annu Rev Public Health. 2007;28:235-58. doi:10.1146/annurev.publhealth.28.021406.144007. PMID 17367287.

9. Gardener H, Spiegelman D, Buka SL. Prenatal risk factors for autism: comprehensive meta-analysis. Br J Psychiatry. 2009;195(1):7-14. doi:10.1192/bjp.bp.108.051672. PMID 19567888.

10. Dae-Wook Kang, Jin Gyoon Park, Zehra Esra Ilhan, Garrick Wallstrom, Joshua LaBaer, James B. Adams, Rosa Krajmalnik-Brown. Reduced Incidence of Prevotella and Other Fermenters in Intestinal Microflora of Autistic Children. 3 July 2013. PLoS ONE 8(7): e68322. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0068322.

11. Hedi Orbach, Nancy Agmon-Levin, Gisele Zandman-Goddard. Vaccines and Autoimmune Diseases of the Adult. Discovery Medicine, published online 4 February 2010.

12. Gloria B. Choi, Yeong S. Yim, Helen Wong, Sangdoo Kim, Hyunju Kim, Sangwon V. Kim, Charles A. Hoeffer, Dan R. Littman, Jun R. Huh. The maternal interleukin-17a pathway in mice promotes autismlike phenotypes in offspring. Science. Published online 28 Jan 2016. DOI: 10.1126/science.aad0314.

13. The 2016 film Man Made Epidemic provides compelling evidence that MMR and other vaccines applied to an infant too early, or a child who is not in excellent health, can result in autism with dreadful consequences for the life of that child, for its' family, and for society.
Filmmaker Natalie Beer sets off on a journey around the world speaking to leading doctors, scientists and families to find out the truth about the autism epidemic and whether or not vaccines have a role to play. The movie explores the common misconception that autism is solely genetic and looks into scientists concerns over recent years about environmental factors such as medication and pesticides which continue to leave our children with physical and neurological damage.

14. A A E Vinkhuyzen, D W Eyles, T H J Burne, L M E Blanken, C J Kruithof, F Verhulst, V W Jaddoe, H Tiemeier, J J McGrath. Gestational vitamin D deficiency and autism-related traits: the Generation R Study. Molecular Psychiatry; advance online publication 29 November 2016; doi: 10.1038/mp.2016.213.